The system behavior of structural systems is the claim to fame of Structural Engineering. It is an engineering field that manages the design and analysis of structures in order to withstand the various loads placed on the structure over its life expectancy. Structural engineering is the best because it gives you a way to see what you have done.
What is a structural engineer?
Structural Engineers conduct a “Load Transfer Analysis”, which includes loads, stresses, and moments caused by self-weights, human loads and environmental conditions. They then design the dimensions, taking into account safety and structural adequacy. They also decide on the construction materials and supervise the project. In the event of extreme events such as cyclones or earthquakes, they are expected to ensure durability parameters. The structural engineer integrates structural analysis, materials engineering and software-based design. Since the 1990s there have been a number of expert programs that can be used to design structures. These include AutoCAD, StaadPro ETABS Prokon Revit Structure, and others. These programs can also consider natural loads such as tremors or winds.
Courses on Structural Engineering
A Bachelor’s Degree in Civil Engineering is required to become a structural engineering. After earning a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering, you can pursue a Specialization in structural engineering under M.Tech. Students will be able to enhance their career options and skills.
The course structure includes the following topics: Project Planning & Control; Construction Methods & Equipment; Construction Materials Lab, Construction Economics and Finance and Advanced Construction Technology, among others.
Career and Future scope in Structural Engineering
A structural designer’s job also includes a great deal of coordination with architects to decide on the size, location and detail of structural elements. Structural designers also monitor the construction site, taking into account the phases, safety and environmental factors, as well as heritage, which can affect design parameters. You can work in engineering services for the public sector or multinational construction and infrastructure companies, or you can start your own structural consultancy. This career offers many satisfying opportunities to balance personal and societal development. This is a discipline that is essential for the well-being of humanity, constituting a leg of the triangular food, clothing, and shelter.
The structural engineer plays an important role in the management of housing and infrastructure both before and after disasters. They are responsible for retrofitting structures that have been affected by a tremor, or a change in usage such as an additional structural component or relocating an entire floor. The revival of heritage structures using age-old construction systems and structural systems is also a contemporary field with a vast scope. Retrofitting the facade and structure while maintaining its heritage value is a challenge.
Structural Engineering vs Architectural Engineering
The Structural Engineer is the one who makes the architect’s vision a reality. An architect can plan the elevation and layout, but the structural engineer will only be able to make it a reality. Architects collaborate closely with property/real-estate developers to create room plans, and guide the overall appearance and functionality of a structure. The structural specialist calculates to determine if the structure is feasible and practical to build.